Approximation-Based Similarity Search for 3-D Surface Segments

The issue of finding similar 3-D surface segments arises in many recent applications of spatial database systems, such as molecular biology, medical imaging, CAD, and geographic information systems. Surface segments being similar in shape to a given query segment are to be retrieved from the database. The two main questions are how to define shape similarity and how to efficiently execute similarity search queries. We propose a new similarity model based on shape approximation by multi-parametric surface functions that are adaptable to specific application domains. We then define shape similarity of two 3-D surface segments in terms of their mutual approximation errors. Applying the multi-step query processing paradigm, we propose algorithms to efficiently support complex similarity search queries in large spatial databases. A new query type, called the ellipsoid query, is utilized in the filter step. Ellipsoid queries, being specified by quadratic forms, represent a general concept for similarity search. Our major contribution is the introduction of efficient algorithms to perform ellipsoid queries on multi-dimensional index structures. Experimental results on a large 3-D protein database containing 94,000 surface segments demonstrate the successful application and the high performance of our method.

Authors: Kriegel H.-P., Seidl T.
Published in: Int. Journal on Advances of Computer Science for Geographic Information Systems (GeoInformatica) 2(2)
Sprache: EN
Jahr: 1998
Seiten: 113-147
ISSN: 1384-6175
Typ: Zeitschriftenartikel
Forschungsgebiet: Exploration of Multimedia Databases